Types Of Leather For Bags
There are many different types of leather currently being used, from the highest quality to the lowest grade. These include full-grain leather, top-grain, suede, genuine or ‘corrected’ grain and bonded leather.
Full-grain leather is at the top of the chain for quality and refers to leather that wasn’t sanded or buffed out to remove imperfections or marks. It includes the entire thickness of the skin, even though sanding these will make the leather more visually appealing. Keeping that grain will allow additional strength and durability. The highest quality of bags feature full-grain leather, that is most natural and popular. Below is a men’s grey full-grain leather messenger bag, you can see the imperfections which makes it look rugged.
Top-grain leather is second for quality and is a split layer with the imperfections taken away. This makes it thinner and easier to work with. It’s the most common leather that is used for high-end products like handbags. The surface is sanded and finished giving it a smooth look and feel. The finish takes away most of the breathability but prevents stains that would sink into full-grain leather. Below is a men’s brown top-grain leather briefcase, you can see that ‘smooth’ look compared to the full-grain leather.
Suede is the underside of the skin and has a napped surface. It is formed from split leather and has a top grain rawhide that is removed to leave behind the drop split. It can be further divided or sanded to reach the appropriate thickness. Suede has a signature textured feel. Cow leather has a rough feel so goat, lamb, calf or deerskin are used instead. It’s less durable since it’s thinner and absorbs liquid easily because of its porous surface. Nubuck is a top grain and is a more durable cattle hide leather that is lightly sanded on the outside. It has a short nap that gives it the velvety feel. Below is a women’s black suede with leather accents purse.
Genuine or ‘corrected’ grain leather has an artificial grain added to the surface. This is not a high quality leather. It’s a leather-like pattern impressed into the surface and sprayed with a stain or dye to give it a fake grain for a more natural appearance. It doesn’t last as long or looks as nice as the better quality grain of leather. When you hear of ‘genuine’ leather, you would think it was top of the line. It’s not as expensive to purchase compared to the better quality versions.
Bonded leather is the lowest grade and is made up of left over scrap pieces of leather that are shredded to near pulp. The shreds are bonded together using polyurethane or latex on top of a fiber sheet. You can’t tell the level of organic leather versus chemical and only the manufacturer would know. Below is a women’s brown leather bag with the genuine or ‘corrected’ artificial grain added. You can see that texture over the bag.
For craftsmanship, Italian leather is known as the very best. Care goes into the manufacturing and only the best quality hides are used. They are not mass produced in the Asian market like other leather. Italian leather designers use the natural vegetable and plant extracts that turn hide into leather.
The process for making leather bags can be a lengthy one. Making a single bag is calculated that more than 230 processes are required for every single bag from the start to finish, with thousands of individual movements. This is noted by a leather goods factory in China. They have developed over 3000 different types of bags. Starting from the patterns created by the bag designers, to the high-end customization for specific products, then the bulk production center making over 20,000 leather bags per month. There is rigorous testing, multiple inspections, and quality leather is used. There is massive production equipment with several machines used at different stages. There is a lot of work involved with making bags.
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